Mikis Theodorakis, Ernesto Treccani and Alexandros Panagoulis

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Ernesto Treccani was an Italian Artist, and belongs to the most famous contemporary painters. He was born in Milan, Italy, on August 26, 1920 and passed away on November 27, 2009, also in Milan.

In the beginning of World War II he became a member of the communist party, and joined the resistance.

Not much can be found on internet about the connection between Mikis Theodorakis and Ernesto Treccani, but it must have been the shared interest in politics, in communism, and resistance movements.

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I found recent news around a painting from him, that, if I translated it well, has been found back, and what has been realised in 1970, after meeting Mikis Theodorakis, during the Junta time in Greece. The name of the oil-painting is: “Libertà per Panagulis“, “Freedom for Panagoulis“. On the right side you can find the name of Mikis Theodorakis, and the date: 23th of October 1970.

I searched for the name Panagoulis, and found in Wikipedia: Alexandros Panagoulis (2 July 1939 – 1 May 1976) was a Greek politician and poet. He took an active role in the fight against the Regime of the Colonels (1967–1974) in Greece. He became famous for his attempt to assassinate dictator Georgios Papadopoulos on 13 August 1968, but also for the torture that he was subjected to during his detention. After the restoration of democracy he was elected to the Greek parliament as a member of the Center Union (E. K.).

Significant part of the very interesting wiki page is: Panagoulis was killed on 1 May 1976 at the age of 36 in a car accident on Vouliagmenis Avenue in Athens. More precisely, a frantically speeding car with a Corinthian named Stefas behind the wheel diverted Panagoulis’ car and forced it to crash. The crash killed Panagoulis almost instantaneously. This happened only two days before files of the junta’s military police (the “E.A.T.-E.S.A. file”) that he was in possession of were to be made public. The files, which never materialized, reportedly included evidence of his allegations of collaboration. There was much speculation in the Greek press that the car accident was staged to silence Panagoulis and to cover up the documents in question.

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On the official Ernesto Treccani website I found a photo with Ernest Treccani, together with Mikis Theodorakis, watching the painting that obviously disappeared and has been found back in 2012.

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Mikis Theodorakis wrote a song for Alekos Panagoulis, after the car-crash in 1976:            Κόκκινο Τριαντάφυλλο / Red Rose, here in the video, sung by Georgos Dalaras:

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Στίχοι: Μίκης Θεοδωράκης

Μουσική: Μίκης Θεοδωράκης

Πρώτη εκτέλεση: Γιώργος Νταλάρας

Κάθε πρωί ξεκινούσαμε να πάμε στη δουλειά

στο λεωφορείο γελούσαμε είμαστε δυο παιδιά

Κόκκινο τριαντάφυλλο κόκκινο το δειλινό

Κάποιο πρωί για τον πόλεμο κινήσαμε μαζί

όλοι μαζί τραγουδούσαμε παλεύαμε μαζί

Κόκκινο τριαντάφυλλο κόκκινο το δειλινό

Μέσα στο Μάη σκοτώθηκες το αίμα σου μαβί

έβαψε μαύρο τον ουρανό κόκκινο τον καιρό

Κόκκινο τριαντάφυλλο κόκκινο το δειλινό

Μαζί σου όλα σκοτώθηκαν όνειρα ιδανικά

γίνανε όλοι φαντάσματα ζούμε συμβατικά

Κόκκινο τριαντάφυλλο κόκκινο το δειλινό

Τώρα οι σημαίες γενήκανε είδη εμπορικά

είναι τα όνειρα αγαθά καταναλωτικά

Κόκκινο τριαντάφυλλο κόκκινο το δειλινό

The next video is from the archives of the Greek ERT-TV, and it shows Alekos Panagoulis’s funeral. On 05:24 in the video you hear a song, sung by the crowd, written by Mikis Theodorakis and the lyrics are from Alekos Panagoulis. You can hear the song in the video. Mikis Theodorakis himself is singing, together with Maria Farantouri.

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Στίχοι: Αλέκος Παναγούλης

Μουσική: Μίκης Θεοδωράκης

Πρώτη εκτέλεση: Μαρία Φαραντούρη

Πάλης ξεκίνημα

νέοι αγώνες

οδηγοί της ελπίδας

οι πρώτοι νεκροί.

Όχι άλλα δάκρυα

κλείσαν οι τάφοι

λευτεριάς λίπασμα

οι πρώτοι νεκροί.

Λουλούδι φωτιάς

βγαίνει στους τάφους

μήνυμα στέλνουν

οι πρώτοι νεκροί

Απάντηση θα πάρουν

ενότητα κι αγώνα

για νά ‘βρουν ανάπαυση

οι πρώτοι νεκροί.

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Sources:

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Post updated on January 21, 2016

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About "The Music of Mikis Theodorakis"

The blog "The Music of Mikis Theodorakis" started in 2010. The not-for-profit activities of the initiator were and are to collect, create and publish information about the MUSIC of the Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis via YouTube, Google+, Twitter, and this blog. Sources for this information are utterly strictly related with Mikis Theodorakis' Music only. The icon is a bouzouki. It is Greece's national symbol for freedom. During the Regime of the Colonels (Military Junta, 1967-1974) the bouzouki was forbidden. Mikis Theodorakis used this authentic Greek instrument in almost all his compositions, and Greeks were listening to Theodorakis's music in the underground scene, during the Military Junta time.
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