Today, May 5, 2013, Greece celebrates Easter. A perfect day to create a post about “Antigone”…..!
Why? I will explain it in the following chapters.
The lyric trilogy: Medea, Elektra and Antigone
Antigone belongs to the “lyric trilogy” of the operas Medea, Elektra and… Antigone. Opera is not an easy subject and it is even impossible to write just one “simple” post about “Antigone”. Each opera is a study in itself, to read, learn, understand and “get it” completely, in all its depths, and beyond its horizons. Yes, so deep Mikis’ music goes, its lyrics, its thoughts and sources. Theodorakis in his speech about his operas in 1996: “… now I am at the critical point of familiarising the Greek public with this new group of works.”
I think it is important to familiarise the world with this special category of Theodorakis’s compositions. Not only for the music, but also because of the lyrics, of what is behind the behind and reason for composing, reason for and need of mankind to get insight in, not because of the myth about the main characters in each opera, but because of …. EVIL!
As always it is very interesting to deepen myself in Theodorakis’s music and thoughts. Now Antigone is here, but earlier (and I am still working at it) I found “Raven”, another Theodorakis composition, that I heard without understanding one word of it. Mostly I hear the words as sounds, not as what they mean. In musical compositions. But of course the lyrics (words) have a special meaning, otherwise they would not have been written. “Raven” is so incredible beautiful that I was shocked to read that it was about, yes, evil. “Raven”, as the bird, which brings bad news, which creates darkness. (Not in the Greek mythology however, I was delighted to read that this bird belongs to Athena, to the “sun”. But Theodorakis dedicated his “Raven” to Jani Christou, who died in a car accident. Coincidence? For Theodorakis it had been a messenger for bad news. I will speak about it later, it needs a post for itself.
When meditating about all Theodorakis wrote and focusing on the word “evil” I saw suddenly the word written in the other direction: from right to left it is “live“. Though evil belongs to life on earth, to the earthly contradictions, evil creates obviously also Death as the Transformer to a Higher Life, to Live Eternally. Theodorakis writes about Oedipus:
And so Oedipus, the last of men, will become the first. His trial led him to knowledge and knowledge to self-punishment and self- punishment to freedom: “I am guided by azure light sent from very far away, in the depths of the Infinite. There, I, too, am going. I will become light! I will become light! I will become one with the light of the Galaxy!“
Evil and Jesus Christ, in the Light of Easter
For the readers who are not familiar with Christianity: Jesus Christ is the main figure of a religion that teaches about His life, suffering, death and resurrection. Jesus Christ has proved that (physical) Death, as the goal of Evil, to get rid of Him, became a bridge to a Higher (Transformed) Life. Jesus Christ was risen from the grave, as it was foretold. Jesus Christ is an example for all human beings, with or without a religion, with or without being baptized, with or without a church, that it is possible to transform Evil. That Death as the final end is just a myth, not reality, because He was (is) still alive, in a more subtle reality, but shining and even visible. That means: with another, an inner and deeper aware watching, witnessing with a high awareness a reality, that the common physical human eyes will never reach, find, see.
Oedipus, the main character in the opera “Antigone” had a comparable experience, and there are many human beings who went and go through suffering and despair, because of evil attacks from dark human beings, energies, seen or unseen, and who finally experience the same opening in their awareness, often after the so called “Dark Night of the Soul”. In the spirituality of today it is explained as “waking up”, opening eyes, transformation, the deepest healing, and the energy, connected with that spiritual happening, is the opening of the Kundalini energy, also named the Christ energy, which is present in all of us, but it needs an evolutionary development, what is possible by going the Path of Yoga. The Kundalini energy is a holy energy, already known in the old wisdom of Egypt (Ankh), India, and China. Then, when the Cycle of the Soul is completed, there is the freedom, the liberation of/from Karma, and a going on. It is typical that Theodorakis speaks about the completion of a cycle within Oedipus. Also Spiritual Masters speak about it. It is known in Buddhism.
Theodorakis’s philosophy about “Evil” (in the opera Antigone)
“Antigone is a complete closed circle of a repeated human tragedy. It symbolizes eternal Evil, the repeated drama that accompanies the human race like a curse. It changes form and expression, adapting to the conditions of place and time. But its essence remains the same. The same applies to the principal players in the drama. On one side are the persecutors, on the other, the victims.”
Carl Gustav Jung about evil
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychotherapist and psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, literature, and related fields. In the following video he explains the origin of evil:
The spiritual, cosmological and evolutionary explanation of Evil
I would like to add here that I studied many books about life and death, the hereafter, evil, and Love. What I would like to share is my “knowing” deep inside that finally all people will have transformed the dark side of themselves and completed the cycle of their soul. Finally there will be an empty Earth, and humankind will go on as one humanity on another planet. Earth creates contradictions, being separated, wars, good and bad, long and small, dark and light, summer and winter. This is the nature of our planet. Human beings cannot change that. Human beings can change themselves by going the path of Tao, the path of Jesus Christ, the path of their Self, to find Oneness, Universal Love, Eternity, to Live.
This post will be continued, with a.o. an interview with Zachos Terzakis / Ζάχος Τερζάκης , famous Greek opera singer (tenor), who performs the character “Haemon” in “Antigone”, in the featured two videos, and performed “Jason” in “Medea”….
Sources and additional information
- Amazon: Theodorakis: Antigone
- Wiki: Carl Gustav Jung
- Carl Gustav Jung: Foreword to the I Ching
- My video: About earthly contradictions (Lao Tzu)
- Gail Holst: Antigone
- Website: Zachos Terzakis
- Jozef Rulof: The Cycle of the Soul
- Pinterest: Jozef Rulof (Life, Death, Hereafter, Evolution and Cosmic Awakening)
- Explanation about Kundalini energy: playlist
- Book: Yoga of the Inward Path / Ronald Beesley
- Mikis Theodorakis: playlist “March of the Spirit”
Updated: 21 November 2015