- Anarchism and the human pyramid: page
- What is anarchism?
Master of Science in Sociology and Political Theory Sander Weijers explains the term anarchism:
Anarchism is a political ideology that strives for a form of society in which people live next to each other without a higher power or authority. This form of society is called anarchy. The central idea behind this is that not any human being acknowledges (or should acknowledge) subordination to another person or institution.
In the second half of the nineteenth century, anarchism emerged as a breakdown of socialism. Both political strands agree that production resources should be in collective ownership. Where socialism acknowledges a form of central authority, anarchism denies any form of central authority. Most anarchists claim that any form of authority will ultimately lead to oppression. It is therefore better to manage the government through small, autonomous communities in which there is freedom of movement and equality between the inhabitants. Over the years, there have been many different anarchist movements, such as individualistic anarchism, anarchical communism and Christian anarchism.
In everyday life, anarchism is often associated with chaos or disorder. This is, however, a misconception. Anarchists do not choose a society in which chaos prevails, but choose a different organizational model in society. They reject the idea of a pyramidal organizational structure, with a government in mind, but choose a structure in which everyone lives on an equal footing. In addition, anarchists do not deny that there are certain rules. According to anarchists, these rules must be based primarily on functionality and not imposed from above. For example, according to anarchists, it is functional not to interfere with each other in a social context. Collaborating usually results in more. Because it is functional not to kill each other, people in an anarchy will not be able to do this.
Plato’s “The Republic”, the “Five Regimes”. Which one governs Greece?
The Classical Greek philosopher Plato discusses five types of regimes (Republic, Book VIII). They are Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. Plato also assigns a man to each of these regimes to illustrate what they stand for. The tyrannical man would represent Tyranny, for example. These five regimes progressively degenerate starting with Aristocracy at the top and Tyranny at the bottom. Source
Interesting to compare the situation in Greece: oligarchy still exists in Greece, and nobody knows the subversive power of oligarchs on the democratic state, on all political, economical and social systems. Greece pretends to be democratic, the word is a daily abused term: the reality has nothing to do with democracy.
Interesting is that democracy grows naturally out of oligarchy. Let us assume Greece is a democracy, and oligarchs do not have any influence. Plato:
Oligarchy then degenerates into democracy where freedom is the supreme good but freedom is also slavery. In democracy, the lower class grows bigger and bigger. The poor become the winners. People are free to do what they want and live how they want. People can even break the law if they so choose. This appears to be very similar to anarchy.
Plato uses the “democratic man” to represent democracy. The democratic man is the son of the oligarchic man. Unlike his father, the democratic man is consumed with unnecessary desires. Plato describes necessary desires as desires that we have out of instinct or desires that we have in order to survive. Unnecessary desires are desires we can teach ourselves to resist such as the desire for riches. The democratic man takes great interest in all the things he can buy with his money. He does whatever he wants whenever he wants to do it. His life has no order or priority.
Anarchy versus Tyranny
Which of Plato’s “Five Regimes” is ruling Greece today? In Greece the term “anarchists” is frequently present in the news. But, when studying the terms anarchy and tyranny it is obvious that Greece has gone beyond the concept of what anarchy is and that it is becoming slowly but steady a tyranny. What is tyranny?
Democracy then degenerates into tyranny where no one has discipline and society exists in chaos. Democracy is taken over by the longing for freedom. Power must be seized to maintain order. A champion will come along and experience power, which will cause him to become a tyrant. The people will start to hate him and eventually try to remove him but will realize they are not able.
The tyrannical man is the son of the democratic man. He is the worst form of man due to his being the most unjust and thus the furthest removed from any joy of the true kind. He is consumed by lawless desires which cause him to do many terrible things such as murdering and plundering. He comes closest to complete lawlessness. The idea of moderation does not exist to him. He is consumed by the basest pleasures in life, and being granted these pleasures at a whim destroys the type of pleasure only attainable through knowing pain. If he spends all of his money and becomes poor, the tyrant will steal and conquer to satiate his desires, but will eventually overreach and force unto himself a fear of those around him, effectively limiting his own freedom. The tyrant always runs the risk of being killed in revenge for all the unjust things he has done. He becomes afraid to leave his own home and becomes trapped inside. Therefore, his lawlessness leads to his own self-imprisonment.
Plato further expounds upon the unjustness that leads to misery in a tyranny, through the voice of Socrates, when he illustrates sought after values of three sorts. Wisdom and reason are of the highest and most just caliber of purity for they allow a man to experience and understand the fruits of the other values while being goods in themselves. Below wisdom and reason is the pursuit of honor, and below that are the basest desires of man, those satiated by sustenance and courtesans. These base desires grant the least joy because of their attachment to pain, that is, they are only joyful when not taken for granted. And in the case of the tyrant, who has the power to seize what he wants, those desires would always be satisfied and thus never truly satisfying. Source
Tsipras, Syriza: from socialism to anarchism, to tyranny
The one who follows the daily news about Greece will notice signs of a growing tyranny. Last week in Athens:
The following video shows a group of young people vandalizing numerous shops in one of the most well-known pedestrian streets in Athens, on July 17, 2017.
They name themselves “anarchists”, but their ideas fit in Plato’s “Tyranny”. Syriza accepts their vandalism, prostitution, plundering, using drugs, because they name it “anarchism”, as a part of democracy, and does not punish these “anarchists”. [Anarchism seems to be something beautiful, something GREAT, something to admire…]”Anarchism”, vandalism, even using and dealing drugs, and prostitution on universities are allowed: a university is a free state where the government has no rights. This is a by Syriza created law. The term “anarchists” is not fitting. “Anarchists” are not lawless.
Το βιντεο που ανεβασαν οι “αλληλεγγυοι” απο τους χθεσινους βανδαλισμους στην Ερμου. pic.twitter.com/ZATy6nMUyC
— Ακροκεντρώος (@akrokentrwos) July 18, 2017
Greece has become rotting. Do you still like “anarchism”, Mikis Theodorakis [I refer here to November 1973, Athens Polytechnic uprising]?
The slogan of the Greek “anarchists” of 2017: “All we want is total freedom.” Is this freedom Mikis Theodorakis? No! This is only trying to find satisfaction in seizing what one wants, to be against, just that, reasonable or not, find something, try to satisfy “rights”, not acknowledging the duties that are going hand in hand with rights. These disgust creating humans are using the power of tyranny to overrule all who have worked hard, ands till do, to survive in the Greek crisis. Where shall the state, Syriza, find any income when those who make economy blossom, who create jobs, for the people, and via contributions to the state: money for social care, will all have left Greece finally? Begging EU for more money to borrow, again and again, to fill buckets without a bottom, and blaming EU they want the borrowed money back, money that is used to do nothing with, to play the anarchist, the one who does not need to work because he is an idealist, a communist, socialist, not a bad “capitalist”, where he sucks the money from via social care and spits at anyway? What kind of an intelligence is this, Mikis Theodorakis? I will offer you the answer: this is the intelligence of evil, of parasites.
Is this the so called “freedom” where you were fighting for? Has this your support?
Save Greece for the second time, Mikis Theodorakis, liberate it from these terrorists, these parasites, liberate Greece from their dictator in the making: tyranny. Tyranny is in fact nothing more than a collective of individuals with super egos, behaving each one as a fascist, a parasyte, an insane one with psychological cancer, with the mask of democracy, protected by a government, Syriza, which has your support; Syriza, a party that is taking over even law and justice in Greece, taking judges inside their organisation, changing laws into laws that fit in their parallel universe. Shortly: Mikis Theodorakis is collaborating with a criminal government, pretending to be the savior of Greece, but in fact inviting the next Junta. Some interesting Greek philosophical views on democracy:
Satisfaction and how true satisfaction can be achieved
1. The highest values: wisdom and reason
- Wisdom and reason are of the highest and most just caliber of purity for they allow a man to experience and understand the fruits of the other values while being goods in themselves.
2. The second highest values: pursuit and honor.
- Below wisdom and reason is the pursuit of honor.
3. The lowest level: the base desires of man
- Below pursuit and honor are the basest desires of man, those satiated by sustenance and courtesans. These base desires grant the least joy because of their attachment to pain, that is, they are only joyful when not taken for granted. And in the case of the tyrant, who has the power to seize what he wants, those desires would always be satisfied and thus never truly satisfying.
More about this subject
Mikis Theodorakis: wisdom and reason are totally absent
I have always thought that older people are wise. I expected wisdom, Mikis Theodorakis, but you do not have it: you do not show it, on the contrary, you contradict everything what is wise or reasonable. This is incredible disappointing. Mikis Theodorakis floats around in what Plato names the lowest level: where pain and suffering are the results of the lack of wisdom and reason. He, Mikis Theodorakis, has the responsibility of taking with him all his blind followers, his disciples, into this darkness, this abyss.
Topic: SYRIZA and the flame of revolution
Topic: Λογική και συναίσθημα – Logic and Emotions